Choosing the right strain for your individual needs
It doesn’t matter if you’re new to cannabis or a long-time user, there is mass confusion surrounding the words “Indica” and “Sativa.” The confusion reaches so far, it’s led many budtenders to even ask what type you prefer, as you’re looking to purchase flower. It’s a problem because it gives users the wrong idea and is a key issue when trying to use the plant for medicinal purposes.
The common belief behind strain selection is that sativa’s are more uplifting, energetic, and cerebral - good for social gatherings and fitness activities. Much of canna-culture also believes indica’s are the go to strain for something relaxing, or to aid in sleep or appetite stimulation.
The truth, as research shows, comes across different. There is little evidence backing the belief that either cannabis type displays “a consistent pattern of chemical profiles that would make one inherently sedating and the other uplifting.” 
Where did these terms come from?
It was in the 18th century when Carl Linneaus termed the word “cannabis sativa,” describing hemp plants harvested primarily for fiber, seeds, and CBD. It was also then when “cannabis indica” was named by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, when discovering the plant in India, as a way to describe the psychoactive plants. Today, most of the varieties we consume come from the “cannabis indica” plant. 
The big takeaway is to understand that not all indicas are going to make you sleepy, and not all sativas are going to give you an energetic buzz. As confusing as this may sound, there is good news that can help you better predict your level of effects.
The effects we feel from consuming are highly individual and depend on a bunch of factors, including your genetic makeup, the plants unique chemical profile, your tolerance, dose, and way of consuming. 
Research has taught us that understanding cannabinoids and terpenes is a better marker when seeking the right strain to achieve our desired effects. Terpenes are the aromatic oils which vary in different strains and plants, giving cannabis its distinctive smell and taste – such as pine, lemon, or mint. Terpenes are produced by the plant to repel insects and spread pollen.